5 Best Programming Languages Worth Learning



Senior editor

Parul Saxena

Chief editor

Last updated: February 22, 2021

Although Nowadays it’s become easier than ever to create awesome software programs, websites and more without understanding code, there has never been more programming languages to choose from. In fact, the programming landscape has changed so much over recent years that multilingual developers are becoming far more commonplace than their single-language counterparts.

Learning more than one programming language is a move that makes a lot of sense for today’s developers. This is because the industry is in a constant state of development and evolution, meaning that learning to code in just one single language could potentially cause serious limitations for your work should that particular language become less common or fall out of use.

On the other hand, learning to code in a range of popular programming languages provides you with the fundamental skills, necessary to transition between the various sets of functions and rules. After all, experienced developers don’t usually forget the basics of coding simply because the language may have changed.

The main factor to remember is that programming languages vary in a number of different ways, from intuitiveness to usability to specific functions. However, in general, there is no specific language which is better than the others, although developers do have their own personal preferences.

1. C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language which was invented in the early 1980’s by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs. It is similar to the earlier programming language C, which was invented in the early 1970’s. However, C++ is a safer language than C and includes a range of modern programming techniques, for example, object-oriented programming.

The purpose of C++ is to precisely define a series of operations that computers can perform to accomplish a task. Whilst the majority of these operations involve manipulating text and numbers, anything that the computer is physically able to do can be programmed in C++.

A C++ program can do typical programming tasks such as inputting data into or pulling it out of a database, controlling electronic devices connected to the PC, composing or playing music and sound effects or displaying high-quality, high-speed graphics in games or videos.

2. Python

Python is an interpreted, high-level and object-oriented programming language that includes dynamic semantics. A combination of high-level built-in data structures and dynamic binding and typing make it ideal for Rapid Application Development, and it is also often used as a scripting or glue language to connect existing opponents.

Python boasts a simple, easy-to-read syntax that places emphasis on readability and reduces the cost of program maintenance, making it a firm choice amongst beginner and amateur coders.

Often, programmers find Python to be the most productive choice, so it’s no surprise that this coding language has a bit of a cult following. The curtailing of code lines compared to other programming languages when achieving the same or similar outcomes is one of the reasons why Python is such a popular choice.

3. Java

Java is one of the most popular programming languages out there and many developers would agree that just like coffee, it’s pretty damn hot. Java is one of the most commonly used programming languages, allowing developers to ‘write once, run anywhere’.

This programming language is well-known for it’s few implementation dependencies and the ability to easily run on any platform supporting Java without the need for recompilation. Although Java is one of the oldest programming languages out there having been available to the public since 1996, it’s certainly not showing any signs of slowing down in the future and is a very handy coding language to know today.

One of the most attractive features of this programming language is that it allows coders to write using English-based commands, rather than numeric codes. Because it can be read and written easily by humans, it’s a popular choice for those learning to code for the first time.


When it comes to choosing a programming language to learn, you can’t go wrong with an industry staple. Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, is necessary to describe the structure of a website and web page. Together, web pages use HTML, JavaScript, and CSS to control the structure, appearance, and functionality.

Although you can find many front-end editing tools and plugins that allow you to forego entering HTML code into the website’s backend manually, it’s certainly worth learning this language as a developer since it plays such a significant role in any website or webpage today. Since it is a fundamental staple of programming a website, it is also one of the most popular coding languages to learn for the first time, whether you’re hoping to dabble in web development or are considering pursuing a career as a web developer.

If you’re more geared towards design programming rather than creating software, HTML and CSS are the best places to start. You can use these two coding languages together to put together the basic building blocks of a website and customize it to suit the organization’s branding and unique appearance. This guide on HTML in web development; could be useful, as it teaches the basics of the coding language, and applies it to developing a web page, which is the most likely use of this programming language.

5. Ruby

Ruby and its framework, Ruby on Rails, comprises one of the most controversial programming options available today. Developers don’t seem to be able to come to an agreement as to whether Ruby on Rails is a ‘dead’ language, or whether it’s worth taking the time to learn. Just a quick Google search on this issue will bring up tons of information to help you decide.

However, Ruby and Ruby on Rails can be a solid choice for new developers who are picking a new coding language to learn. Firstly, research statistics show that regardless of popular opinion on the internet, it’s a programming language that’s still very much in demand today. Secondly, the intuitive design philosophy is designed to streamline the process and specifically pertain to programmers who work on customized software development. Many clients still prefer Ruby on Rails to popular coding languages such as Angular and PHP, but whilst some developers have embraced the change, others have struggled to make the switch.

Some of the best reasons to consider learning Ruby on Rails as a new developer are easy tools for automated testing along the way, swift development with less actual coding required, and the expressiveness that comes with using a coding language that’s as close as possible to English. Instead of the need to use third-party tools and plugins to test your code throughout the process, Ruby on Rails offers integrating testing designed to save your time and effort and get the finished result completed as quickly as possible.

As you can see, learning a variety of coding languages is certainly worth it if you’re hoping to improve your skills as a web developer in 2018. Along with the coding languages mentioned above, you may also want to consider learning PHP, Angular, C, JavaScript, or Objective-C, which are all in demand from web or software development clients today.

Bottom Line

No matter whether you’re hoping to develop websites, software, games or a bit of everything, expanding your knowledge of different programming languages is essential in today’s ever-changing industry climate.

Which programming language are you eager to learn first and why? We’d love to hear your ideas and opinions in the comments below.

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  1. It is, in reality, a great and helpful piece of information. I’m happy that you just shared this useful information with us.

  2. Java is easier to learn than many languages, and because it’s been around a long time, lots of help and resources are available. Java is the most popular programming language in the world by a long shot. Many thanks for sharing this.

  3. Thank you so much! I was just looking for a current list of programming languages that i can learn this year. I have found your article very useful and informative. I am thinking for learning java and its Good to see I’m on the right path.

  4. Thanks for sharing this information. These programming languages are very important to improve computing knowledge.

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