Educational Software and E-Books: The Use in Courses

Nilam Oswal

Nilam Oswal

Senior editor

Parul Saxena

Chief editor

Last updated: May 15, 2021

With the advent of computer technology in school, software for educational purposes began to be developed.

This article explores the dynamics of development and improvement of software pedagogical tools created for use in the educational process in chronological connection with different types of school computing.

The use of software tools in our society as an element of the international community was an inevitable historical process. 

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This process involves the use of communications and computer technology in all areas of human activity.

The technical basis of the process of modernization of society is computer technology. Its use requires certain skills, abilities, thinking; in other words, computer literacy is necessary.

The 2010s was the decade of the technological revolution in the education sector worldwide.

For the training of computer literacy, pedagogical software tools (PST) were necessary, which were programs of varying complexity, structure and purpose, and guidelines for their use.

Classification of The Educational (Pedagogical) Software

The term “pedagogical software” is chosen to mean a software product for educational purposes, which can be created and mastered using a computer. It should be remembered that in the 2010s, computer technology, which used teaching staff in the school, had a small capacity.

Therefore, PSTs could only be created in small volumes. In this regard, they were intended to solve certain narrow educational problems. Similar PSTs were classified and etymologized according to different criteria and features. So, they are classified in the following ways,

  • On the subject content of the programs (thematic principle) – mathematics, physics, history, etc.
  • By function (principle of purpose) – diagnostic, control (current and final control, registration and storage of performance information), training (demonstration, simulators, reference, and information).
  • According to the degree of student activity, determined by the structure and nature of the activity (demonstration, design programs).
  • According to the level of communication (subject and communicative-oriented – network communication).
  • For the target group of users – pedagogical tools (databases, editors, computer magazines, and abstracts).

Modern computers allow you to create the field, which includes all of the first four types. Such a field is currently called electronic textbooks (ET).

PSTs were also classified according to other criteria: according to the purpose of a particular development, its internal structure, and content.

This approach comes from the user’s point of view. From the point of view of the user, PST can include,

  • Software Tools (ST): individual computer programs with guidelines or instructions for the user, a paper writer.
  • Computer (or computerized) Courses (CC): subject-oriented teaching staff covering the topic or section of the subject.
  • Computer Training Aids (CTA): subject-oriented and integrated computer courses with methodological recommendations for the user.
  • Software and Methodological Complexes (SMC): a set of PS united in a complex by the thematic plan to achieve a common goal and a methodological manual for working with them.

The Use of E-books

Currently, many printed textbooks have been published in various school subjects. Nevertheless, some authors note their low level in individual subjects. The school does not have good textbooks in mathematics. In chemistry, classes are also being conducted on textbooks that have not found a positive assessment from teachers. In presenting the material, as a rule, they come not from meaning, but from the constant search for new forms of organization of educational material in textbooks.

The starting point in the creation of electronic textbooks is the didactic goals and objectives for the achievement and solution of which information technology is used.

Depending on the learning objectives, electronic textbooks can be of the following types,

  • Subject-oriented EB.
  • Subject-oriented electronic textbooks for the study of individual sections of subjects of the general educational cycle during the end-to-end study of educational material.
  • Subject-oriented electronic simulators with the presence of reference educational material.
  • Electronic automated ability development systems.

Also, Read: School Library Software | The Ultimate Guide to Track Books

The Use of E-books in Physics Courses

Subject-oriented EBs are widely used at present in schools. When developing an electronic textbook, it is necessary to initially develop its structure, the order of the educational material, and make a choice of the main stronghold of the future textbook.  Such an EB consists of the following sections of the school physics course,

  • Mechanics (grades 7, 9),
  • Electromagnetic Phenomena (grades 8.10-11),
  • Molecular Physics (grades 7-10).

Each section of such an electronic physics course consists of the following components,

  • Modeling of physical experiments for research and demonstration of physical laws, phenomena.
  • Informative material on the sections of physics.
  • Tasks or tests to consolidate and control the assimilation of knowledge.
  • Terminological dictionary or reference book of a physicist.
  • The mathematical apparatus is necessary for mastering certain topics of the course.
  • Historical background on the discovery and investigation of a specific physical phenomenon.

All sections of the course and their components are interconnected, located in a common program shell. Each component in the indicated sections of the electronic textbook is accessible to the user from any other component. For the readability of EBs, specific pedagogical software is required to be adequately implemented within a course.

Nilam Oswal
Nilam Oswal is a Content Marketing Head and Brand Strategiest at SoftwareSuggest. When she's not hard at work, she can be found wandering, reading, and just generally having a good time in life.

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